Move to Portugal
The acquisition of property in Portugal, subject to the payment of taxes, requires that you register with the Tax Authorities to obtain the corresponding taxpayer identification number;
Residents abroad, as well as those who reside in Portuguese territory but leave for more than six months, must appoint a representative residing in Portuguese territory for tax purposes.
If you are a resident or if you are leaving for a member state of the European Union or the European Economic Area, the designation of this representative is merely optional.
The place of residence for tax purposes is the place of habitual residence or, in the case of citizens residing abroad, the place of residence for tax purposes corresponds to that of the tax representative.
In order to finalise the purchase of your house, you must submit various documents that identify the property and confirm the legitimacy of both owner and buyer:
1. Land Registry Certificate (Certidão do Registo Predial)
The land registry certificate may be requested in hard copy or in digital format:
- In person, at any land registry office (Conservatória do Registo Predial) (see list). This entity holds full descriptions of properties;
- It is also possible to request a permanent land record certificate and simplified land information through the Predial Online website.
2. Title Certificate (Caderneta Predial)
This document may be requested from any tax office. It contains information about the property's tax situation and can be used to find out which entity is responsible for meeting fiscal obligations related to the property.
- Property owners can get the title certificates for their properties from the tax authority website;
- A title search of an article in the land registry may be requested instead of a title certificate (though only valid for one year);
3. Usage Licence (Licença de Utilização)
The purpose of the Usage Licence is to certify the intended use of the property, and that it is suitable for its licensed purpose. This licence must be requested from the City Council of the district where the property is located. However, proof of the licence request may be submitted along with the purchase agreement if the licence is yet to be issued.
4. Housing Technical Datasheet (Ficha Técnica de Habitação)
The Housing Technical Datasheet is a document that describes the main technical and functional characteristics of a property. It must be requested directly from the City Council of the district where the property is located.
5. Energy Certificate (Certificado Energético)
This must be submitted by the property owner along with the purchase agreement.
6. Proof of prior payment of the Municipal Tax on Property Transactions involving valuable consideration
(Guia comprovativo de pagamento prévio do Imposto Municipal de Transações Onerosas de Imóveis)
7. Photocopies of the ID cards (or equivalent identity document) and of the taxpayer cards of the contracting parties
8. Exhibition of a power of attorney if any party is represented by a proxy
Part of the information represented here is supported by http://www.livinginportugal.com/ from Turismo de Portugal.